The Jewish Calendar

The Jewish People used two Kinds of Calendars:

· Civil Calendar– official calendar of kings, childbirth and contracts.

· Sacred Calendar – from which festivals were computed.
 
Names Of Months Corresponds With Gregorian Calendar Number

Of Days

Month Of Sacred Year Month Of Civil Year
Nisan March-April 29 or 30 1st 7th
Iyar April-May 29 or 30 2nd 8th
Sivan May-June 30 3rd 9th
Tammuz June-July 29 4th 10th
Ab July-August 30 5th 11th
Elul August.-September 29 6th 12th
Tishri September-October 30 7th 1st
Heshvan October-November 29 or 30 8th 2nd
Kislev November-December 29 or 30 9th 3rd
Tebeth December-January 29 10th 4th
Shebat January-February 30 11th 5th
*Adar February-March 29 or 30 12th 6th

Hebrew months were alternately 30 and 29 days long. Their year, shorter than ours, had 354 days. Therefore about every 3 years (7 times in 19 years) an extra 29-day month, Veadar, was added between Adar and Nisan.

The Open Bible – Thomas Nelson, Publishers – 1975

The Jewish calendar was derived from the ancient Hebrew calendar and has remained unchanged since AD 900. It is the official calendar of the modern state of Israel and is used by Jewish people throughout the world as a religious calendar. The starting point of Hebrew chronology is the year 3761 BC, the date for the creation of the world as described in the Old Testament. The Jewish calendar is lunisolar, based on lunar months of 29 days alternating with 30 days. An extra month is intercalated every 3 years, based on a cycle of 19 years. Dates of the Jewish calendar are designated AM (Latin anno mundi,”the year of the world”) and BCE (before the common era).

Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2003. © 1993-2002 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

The Jewish day was from sunset to sunset, in 8 equal parts:
 
First Watch

Sunset to 9 pm

Second Watch 9 pm to 12 am
Third Watch 12 am to 3 am
Fourth Watch 3 am to Sunrise
First Watch Sunrise to 9 am
Second Watch 9 am to 12 pm
Third Watch 12 pm to 3 pm
Fourth Watch 3 pm to Sunset

The Open Bible – Thomas Nelson, Publishers – 1975

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